Top Ten Vaccines
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Baby vaccines are tough to watch for both parent and child, but just a few vaccinations during your newborn's first years will help protect her for years to come. Some newborn vaccinations will be administered as early as the delivery room!
Transcript: What's MORE confusing than trying to figure out WHICH vaccinations your baby needs and when? In the first...
What's MORE confusing than trying to figure out WHICH vaccinations your baby needs and when? In the first year alone, your baby will probably get ten different vaccines to protect against fourteen diseases! First up: The Hepatitis B vaccine, a shot that protects your child from the highly contagious Hep B virus, known to cause liver disease or even death. Your baby will get three rounds of the Hep B vaccine at birth, between the first and second month, and between the 6th and 18th months. The Hepatitis A vaccine works similarly and will protect your baby against the liver-infections that the Hep A virus can cause. Between your baby's first and second year, your pediatrician will schedule two shots of Hep A, at least six months apart. Another vaccine, DTaP, protects against three illnesses: diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Diphtheria is a contagious bacterial infection characterized by sore throat, low fever, and a sticky membrane on the tonsils, pharynx, and/or nasal cavity that can make it hard to swallow and can result in suffocation. Tetanus, also called lockjaw, isn't contagious, but this bacterial infection CAN lead to seizures, permanent paralysis, and death. Finally, pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis; it derived its name from the characteristic severe hacking cough followed by intake of breath that sounds like "whoop." The DTaP vaccine comes in five parts - typically administered at two, four, and six months, as well as between 16 and 18 months and finally between four and six years of age. A fourth vaccine, HIB, protects your baby from the virus known as haemophilus influenza type B, which can cause pneumonia and meningitis. The HIB vaccine comes in four parts and is administered at two, four, six, and between 12 and 15 months. Polio, or IPV, is another vaccine that guards against the poliovirus, which can cause paralysis. The IPV vaccine is given at two months, four months, between 6 and 18 months, and again at 4 to 6 years. Next up is PCV, a vaccine that protects against a contagious bacterium that can cause meningitis, brain damage or death. PCV is administered to your child at two, four, six, and between 12 and 15 months. You'll also want to get your little one protected against rotavirus, the most common cause of vomiting and diarrhea in infants and young children. Several months later, your doctor will recommend that your infant get an MMR, or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. While rubella, is slightly less serious, measles could lead to seizures, brain damage, or death. Mumps, meanwhile, is a viral infection that causes painful swelling of the salivary glands, and which can also cause meningitis or deafness in more severe cases. These days, the shot also comes as an MMRV, which offers additional protection against the chicken-pox causing varicella virus. MMR or MMRV is given twice at the 12 to 15 month marker, and again between four and six years. Many doctors also recommend an annual flu shot for your child after six months of age. It can be a lot to keep track of, but these vaccinations can help keep your child safe from some serious diseases!More »
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Visiting the pediatrician in month 1 is an important part of making sure your baby is growing at a health pace. Learn more in this video.
Transcript: Dont worry, this wont hurt a bit! Your babys first doctors visit should be relatively painless for BOTH...
Dont worry, this wont hurt a bit! Your babys first doctors visit should be relatively painless for BOTH of you. At your infants one-month appointment, the pediatrician will measure and weigh your baby to ensure that he or she is growing at a healthy pace. Expect the doctor to check your babys hearing and vision at this time, too. Because your baby is still so new, your doctor will want to verify that the umbilical cord stump has fallen off, and that the belly button is healing. If youre the parent of a circumcised boy, expect the doctor to check the healing process there, too. After the formalities are out of the way, your babys pediatrician will ask you some basic questions about your little ones development. Be prepared to tell the doctor how your infant is sleeping. Most newborns are snoozing in two or three hour stretches at this point, totaling some 15 hours of sleep in a 24-hour day. Youll also want to mention whether your baby is eating formula or breast milk, and how often you are doing feedings. Generally, a one-month-old eats every two to three hours. If your baby is exclusively breastfed the doctor will want you to discuss future supplementation with vitamin d, which can be obtained by drops over the counter. Because what goes in must come out, your pediatrician will also ask about your babys bowel movements. Loose, soft stool is best, as hard, infrequent poops may be a sign of dehydration or constipation. The doctor will also want to know if your baby tries to hold her head up when placed on her tummy, an important milestone that should be happening by now. Finally, the doctor will ask about your babys disposition. Infants should have slightly longer periods of being awake and alert by four weeks of age, although they tend to get crankier at night. If you have any other concerns about your babys body or development, dont be shy about voicing them now. And definitely dont worry that youre overreacting to a potential problem. Being smart and safe means that you wont be sorry!More »
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Has your baby turned one? See your pediatrician! During your baby’s one year checkup, you and your doctor will learn exactly how he's developing. To know more, watch this video.
Transcript: Your crawling, babbling, active baby is really growing quickly! Ensure that this growth is on target...
Your crawling, babbling, active baby is really growing quickly! Ensure that this growth is on target by checking in with your pediatrician this month. You know the drill by now: your pediatrician will weigh, measure length and head circumference and do a physical exam. . If your baby did not receive the third and final hepatitis b vaccine at the last visit, expect it this time. With that out of the way, your doctor will likely want to discuss childproofing with you. From car seat safety to cooking with care, the pediatrician will make sure you've looked at the world from your baby's point of view, and may offer tips on effective childproofing products-like baby gates and bumpers-and smart actions-like constant supervision-that will benefit you and baby both. After all, your infant should be crawling-or at least be getting around independently somehow-at this time. Doing so is an important step in normal development, as are other motor skills the doctor will ask about. Nine-month-olds should be learning to use a thumb and forefinger to lift objects in what is known as a pincer grasp. It's likely that your baby will be using this more precise grasp to pick up pieces of the solid food he or she is now eating. Your doctor will want to ensure that this process is going well, and will also check to be sure that your baby can use a cup, or is trying to. If your baby hasn't started to already, your doctor will mention that your little one will soon point at objects, which is a physical way of communicating with you. And speaking of communication, the pediatrician will want to know if your baby is stringing sounds together and babbling "baby talk." Similarly, your infant should understand some of the things you say, from recognizing his or her own name, to the words for simple objects. Assuming all goes well at the nine-month checkup, you two won't need to make the trek back to the pediatrician until your infant's first birthday!More »
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Visiting the pediatrician in month 6 helps parents continue to track their baby's growth and discuss their eating and sleeping schedule with their doctor. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: Celebrate your baby's sixth month-by going to the pediatrician! After your infant's pediatrician measures...
Celebrate your baby's sixth month-by going to the pediatrician! After your infant's pediatrician measures your baby's weight, length, and head circumference, make sure to address any basic health concerns you may have. Colds and diarrhea are common in babies of this age, and treatments are fairly straightforward. During this visit, your baby will likely receive a third round of immunizations, including those for pneumococcus, DTaP, and perhaps hib and the final hepatitis b. The BIG things you'll discuss at this appointment are your infant's sleeping and eating patterns, both of which are gearing up for change. If your infant isn't eating solid food yet-and many aren't-your doctor will offer tips on starting this transition. As you add solids to your baby's belly, expect your child's poop to adjust accordingly. It will become slightly harder and smell, well, worse. In terms of shut-eye, your baby may be starting to sleep on a schedule! Most six-month-olds are snoozing about 11 hours per night, and taking daytime naps in the three hour range. As a result of less time spent sleeping, your baby will have more time for exploring, and your doctor will want to know about these developing motor skills. Your little one should be able to roll over by now, and might be able to sit unsupported. When you hold your infant up, you'll probably notice that he or she is now bearing weight on those little feet. The pediatrician will want to know if your baby is using those hands to reach for things, or to sweep objects toward him. Six-month-olds should generally be eager and able to bang, throw, drop and chew on their toys. Finally, the doctor will want to know about your baby's communication skills. Your baby's likely not talking yet, but you should notice a plethora of happy, curious sounds coming from that little mouth. Most infants of this age will also make identifiable noises, including the much-awaited "ma" and "da." There will also be a lot of squealing and laughter. Once your baby's pediatrician is satisfied that all is well with your infant, you'll make an appointment to return in three months time.More »
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Visiting the pediatrician in month 9 for a checkup is a great time to talk about your baby's eating, sleeping, and development. Learn more in this video.
Transcript: Your crawling, babbling, active baby is really growing quickly! Ensure that this growth is on target...
Your crawling, babbling, active baby is really growing quickly! Ensure that this growth is on target by checking in with your pediatrician this month. You know the drill by now: your pediatrician will weigh, measure length and head circumference and do a physical exam. If your baby did not receive the third and final hepatitis b vaccine at the last visit, expect it this time. With that out of the way, your doctor will likely want to discuss childproofing with you. From car seat safety to cooking with care, the pediatrician will make sure you've looked at the world from your baby's point of view, and may offer tips on effective childproofing products-like baby gates and bumpers-and smart actions-like constant supervision-that will benefit you and baby both. After all, your infant should be crawling-or at least be getting around independently somehow-at this time. Doing so is an important step in normal development, as are other motor skills the doctor will ask about. Nine-month-olds should be learning to use a thumb and forefinger to lift objects in what is known as a pincer grasp. It's likely that your baby will be using this more precise grasp to pick up pieces of the solid food he or she is now eating. Your doctor will want to ensure that this process is going well, and will also check to be sure that your baby can use a cup, or is trying to. If your baby hasn't started to already, your doctor will mention that your little one will soon point at objects, which is a physical way of communicating with you. And speaking of communication, the pediatrician will want to know if your baby is stringing sounds together and babbling "baby talk." Similarly, your infant should understand some of the things you say, from recognizing his or her own name, to the words for simple objects. Assuming all goes well at the nine-month checkup, you two won't need to make the trek back to the pediatrician until your infant's first birthday!More »
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Visiting the pediatrician in month 4 helps parents continue to track their baby's growth and may mean another round of vaccines. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: It may seem like you were just at the pediatrician, but your childs sixteenth week means its time to...
It may seem like you were just at the pediatrician, but your childs sixteenth week means its time to head back there! As usual, your doctor will begin your babys examination by weighing and measuring your baby. And, as at every routine visit before and after this one, head circumference will be measured to ensure the brain is growing nicely. After doing a physical exam and asking about development and any problems since the last visit, your doctor will give your baby his second round of vaccinations. Your infant will probably receive the second series of polio, pneumococcal, Hib, rotavirus, and DTaP vaccines. Your babys doctor will want to know more about your little ones sleeping patterns, which probably havent changed much since your last visit. Still, its time to ease into a bedtime routine that will help BOTH of you get more sleep, and your doctor will offer tips on the process. As usual, the doctor will also ask about your babys eating and bowel habits, all of which should have remained fairly consistent. Since some parents are ready to change their infants diets at this point, this may be a good time to broach the topic of starting solid food. In terms of physical development, your pediatrician will question whether your baby has done that first mini-pushup, an important stepping stone. In addition, your doctor will ask if your baby is rolling over on his or her side, or sitting up with support. Your baby may be reaching for things or clapping, and should certainly be bouncing and kicking those little legs. Your doctor will keep tabs on all of these movements, as they symbolize healthy development patterns. To measure your babys mental development, your babys pediatrician will also ask you about the noises your little one makes. At this point, most infants can gurgle, coo, squeal, and even laugh, which shows they are on target in terms of language development. As always, youll want to conclude by mentioning any concerns you have or changes youve noticed since the last checkup. Then, say bye-bye and enjoy another two month break from the doctors office!More »
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Vaccinations are important to your baby's health, but some parents are hesitant. Is there a link between vaccines and autism? Get the facts about vaccinations.
Transcript: Vaccination is an important way of preventing your baby from developing some serious diseases that used...
Vaccination is an important way of preventing your baby from developing some serious diseases that used to kill and otherwise afflict millions of children. Vaccination is a way of creating immunity to certain dangerous diseases like polio, tetanus, and hepatitis. Here's how vaccines work: Whenever a virus invades your body, your immune system produces proteins called antibodies, which then attempt to hunt down and destroy the virus that made you sick. When vaccinated, a baby is given tiny amounts of a viral or bacterial proteins, or a killed, weakened, or related bacteria. The vaccine stimulates your baby's immune system to create antibodies to ward off that fake infection. Afterwards, these antibodies remain in the body, so that if a "live" version of the virus ever attacks the body, it will be protected. You may have some concerns about your child's reaction to vaccines.However, most of the common risks associated with vaccines are mild, like tenderness at the shot site, light swelling, or mild fever. Still, if your child is sick on the day shots are scheduled, your doctor may decide to hold off a bit until your child feels better. Additionally, watch the baby closely after he or she is vaccinated. If your child experiences trouble breathing, hives, a rapid heartbeat, or a high grade fever, call 911 immediately. The good news is that severe reactions like this happen to fewer than one in 16,000 children, according to the CDC, so they shouldn't cause you to delay vaccinating your baby. Many parents worry about a possible link between vaccinations and epilepsy, autism, or other disorders. However, the modern scientific consensus is that there is no link between vaccination and these disorders, with recent major studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine and the Journal of the American Medical Association demonstrating no linkage between vaccination and autism. The CDC, the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics all attest that there is no link between being vaccinated and developing a neural disorder. The organizations make their case with at least six large studies, which found no correlation between children with autism and their vaccinations. On the other hand, there is clear and uncontested evidence that diseases such as polio, measles, mumps, and rubella can be serious or lethal to an infant. In addition, since 1999, vaccinations have stopped containing thiomersal, the ingredient in question. Some parents, still wonder why they have to get their babies vaccinated for diseases that are all but nonexistent in today's society. Doctors explain that these diseases, while rare, still do occur, and are highly contagious-and sometimes life threatening. Plus, without preventative measures like vaccines, these diseases will indeed make a comeback someday. To find out more about your baby's first year immunizations, check out the other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-03-29 | Tags »
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What vaccinations do young children need and when? Watch this video to see what's needed from birth to 6 years of age.
Transcript: Vaccinating your child early is to the best way to protect her from serious diseases and life-threatening...
Vaccinating your child early is to the best way to protect her from serious diseases and life-threatening complications. But what vaccinations do young children need and when? Based on guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, here's the best schedule for your child. Your baby's first vaccination should start at birth. That's when the first of 3 hepatitis B vaccinations is given. The others are administered at around 2 months and then when your child is 6 to 18 months old. Without the vaccine, Hepatitis B in kids can turn into a chronic condition that may lead to liver damage or cancer. At 2, 4 and 6 months, your child gets a batch of multi-part vaccinations. They protect her from: rotavirus, which can lead to severe diarrhea and dehydration; diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough; Hib or Haemophius influenza type b a bacterial infection; pneumonia and meningitis and polio. At a year old, anther round of vaccinations is needed. This includes a fourth vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough, Hib, pneumococcal meningitis, and polio. In addition, the chicken pox vaccine and MMR vaccine should be added to the list. MMR protects your child against measles, mumps and rubella. A child should also get the hepatitis A vaccine at this age. Between 4-6 years, your child will need the last shot in the series that protects against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough. It will also be time, to finish up the series for polio, varicella, and MMR. From the age of 6 months on, each year your child should get a flu shot to protect her from influenza. For information on vaccines, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-07 | Tags »
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Is it time to call the pediatrician? Watch this to find out when your baby is sick enough for the pediatrician and when you can take a watch-and-wait attitude.
Transcript: With a newborn under 3 months of age, it's very important to call your pediatrician if your baby has...
With a newborn under 3 months of age, it's very important to call your pediatrician if your baby has a temperature of 100.4 or higher, if they've thrown up 1 or 2 times in a row, if they skipped 1 or 2 feedings, if they're really irritable, or you just think something's wrong, because babies under 3 months of age can get very sick very quickly and do need to be seen. With infants over 3 months of age, then sometimes I tell parents, you know what, it's OK to watch them for a day or two, if they have a little fever, as long as they're smiling, they're feeding fine, and they're still acting OK. But if they're really looking sick, if they're throwing up, if they're refusing to eat, then go ahead and call your pediatrician, they should be evaluated.More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-08 | Tags »
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Parents sometimes forget what else they need to tell their pediatrician during those well visits. Watch this to know what should belong on your list when you go see the doctor.
Transcript: So I recommend that all new parents keep a list at home, maybe by your nightstand, because often you'll...
So I recommend that all new parents keep a list at home, maybe by your nightstand, because often you'll think of things you want to ask your pediatrician in the middle of the night and you won't remember them, so if you keep a notepad where you can jot everything down and bring it to your pediatrician's office, then it's easy not to forget something that you may want to ask them. I also tell parents, you know, not to forget that the pediatrician is not only there to talk about your child's medical issues, but also to talk about how they're feeding, what are they eating, how they're sleeping, how are they acting. You know, all those behavioral and developmental things that sometimes you think, you know, may not be for the pediatrician, those are all things that we care about because it's so important to your child's growth and development. So, you can ask us anything!More »
Last Modified: 2013-10-08 | Tags »
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New parents should know when a baby is okay and when to call the pediatrician. Watch this video to get the facts.
Transcript: If you have a newborn, you've probably programmed her doctor's number on your speed dial. But how do...
If you have a newborn, you've probably programmed her doctor's number on your speed dial. But how do you know when to push that button? Surprisingly, some of the worrisome habits of newborns are really just normal parts of development. For example, most newborn babies have very soft or even liquid bowel movements, which is typical and is usually NOT a cause for concern. Similarly, a newborn's spit-up may contain trace amounts of blood during her early weeks. If you're breastfeeding, this blood is very likely yours, as your cracked nipples adjust to nursing. Occasionally, your baby may also spit up forcefully enough to tear a tiny blood vessel at the base of her esophagus. This sounds scarier than it is, and it usually heals quickly on its own. Still, some health symptoms in newborns ARE cause for concern, and require you to use that speed dial. Watch out for a rectal temperature greater than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, which could indicate an infection. If your baby is wetting fewer than five diapers a day, or is not shedding tears when she cries, she may be dehydrated and need medical attention. Yellow skin or eyes are signs of jaundice, and require a call to the doctor. Bloody stool, greenish mucus in spit-up, and an infected-looking umbilical stump or circumcised penis also warrant check-ups. Other indications of a doctor-worthy problem may be less obvious, such as changes in your baby's temperament or cries. A once active baby who is suddenly lethargic, or who loses interest in feeding, may very well be sick. And if your baby is crying in a way that is unfamiliar to you, or if she refuses to be comforted, a call to your doctor IS warranted. Remember that you are the ultimate expert on your baby. If something feels "off," it very likely is - so check in with the doctor.More »
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If your infant has a fever, runny nose, and feels sick, do you need a doctor? Should you get your newborn a flu shot? Watch this for details on your baby and the flu.
Transcript: Your infant will generally make it clear if she's sick-but how do you know if she has the FLU? One great...
Your infant will generally make it clear if she's sick-but how do you know if she has the FLU? One great indicator of influenza is symptoms that crop up quickly and often severely. A baby who has the flu will demonstrate fever, a lethargic attitude, appear fatigued, and may have less interest in nursing. Generally, chills and respiratory symptoms-like a runny nose and dry cough-also accompany the flu virus. Many infants suffering from the flu will experience vomiting, diarrhea, and a fever above 101 degrees. Another tip-off that the flu is at play is if your baby gets sick during flu season; generally from October to March. If you've done your research and feel that your child DOES have influenza, the best treatment is rest and PLENTY of fluids. For a baby younger than four months, that just means regular nursing or bottle feeding, while an older infant can also have a little water. And if your baby is over six months old, you can introduce her to a little fruit juice. You may find that giving your baby child acetaminophen relieves some discomfort. For babies older than 6 months, ibuprofen is also effective. Of course, you should ALWAYS check in with the doctor before you give your baby medication, although you don't necessarily need to visit his or her office. Because there is NO medicine that kills the influenza virus, and because treatment is simple, a doctor may suggest that you wait. A. There are medications that can shorten the duration and severity of flu symptoms, B. but you have to be seen by a doctor to obtain this. If, however, your baby has a fever ABOVE 101 degrees, or if a fever lasts longer than three days, it's important to contact your pediatrician. Similarly, call the doctor if your baby doesn't start to feel at least a little better in three to five days. This is important because-while most bouts of flu heal harmlessly-the virus CAN lead to serious consequences, like pneumonia. In the future, help prevent the flu by keeping both your infant's and your own hands clean. Of course, you should also keep your baby away from someone you know is sick. But because contagious adults may not show any symptoms, exposure to the flu virus is still possible! For this reason, consider taking your infant to the doctor for a flu shot. In fact, the CDC recommends an annual flu shot for ALL healthy people over six months, so fight the flu by getting the whole family vaccinated!More »
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As babies develop their motor skills, they are more prone to cuts, bumps and bruises. Watch our video on first aid for babies to help you take care of your little one.
Transcript: Cuts and bruises and bumps, oh my! When your baby suffers a mild injury, you'll want to be prepared to...
Cuts and bruises and bumps, oh my! When your baby suffers a mild injury, you'll want to be prepared to help. One of the most common baby "ouchies" is a standard cut or scrape, often acquired during a mild run-in with the ground. If your baby is bleeding from such an injury, use a clean towel and apply firm pressure to the area for a few minutes. At this point, you'll want to check for dirt, glass, or other debris that may be embedded in the cut. Remove such objects by flushing the area with cool running water, or by gently using tweezers. Now, wash the wound with warm water and soap and finish up by patting it dry. Small cuts and scrapes heal best with exposure to the air, so if your baby's injury is mild, it's not necessary to bandage. If a cut is deeper, apply an antiseptic ointment, then use an ordinary adhesive bandage to gently pull the edges of skin together. Change your baby's bandage daily-or whenever it gets wet-until a scab has formed on the wound. While cuts like this are common, babies are just as likely to be bothered by bruises-blame their active lifestyles and exploring personalities! Most black and blue marks are not painful and will heal on their own within a week or two. If you suspect that your baby is bothered by a bruise, wrap an ice pack in a towel and apply it to the area for 5-10 minutes. Your baby may resist this treatment, so try icing the area during a relaxing activity, like nursing. If a tumble results in a more serious injury, like a "goose egg" on the head, the ice pack treatment is also effective. But because a blow to the head can be serious, do a thorough check for injuries, and then keep a watchful eye on your baby for the next 24 hours. It is probably a good idea just to give the pediatrician a call whenever there is a head injury. If you notice signs of a serious problem, like: A large, soft area on the scalp, blood showing in the whites of the eyes, vomiting, unusual eye movement, or prolonged crying or a change in mental status... call your pediatrician, then take your infant immediately to the emergency room. Meanwhile, the pain of a more mild injury may be eased at home by offering your baby infant acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Talk to your doctor before you try this treatment, and also make an immediate appointment if your baby has a wound that will not stop bleeding, or one that looks very deep and jagged. A doctor's appointment is also necessary if a bruise doesn't fade in two weeks, or doesn't stop hurting in a few DAYS. Acting immediately and cautiously like this is vital, and may well prevent any long-term damage to your child.More »
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