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Anaphylactic reactions are extremely rare and can be life threatening. These can cause tongue swelling, hives, and shock. Check out the video to learn some interesting facts.
Transcript: It's rare, but allergies CAN be deadly. Anaphylaxis, a severe WHOLE-BODY reaction can lead to suffocation...
It's rare, but allergies CAN be deadly. Anaphylaxis, a severe WHOLE-BODY reaction can lead to suffocation or heart failure. According to research, anaphylactic reactions are responsible for approximately 1,500 deaths in the U.S. each year. And 88 percent of those involve sudden cardiovascular collapse. Anaphylaxis typically occurs after a SECOND exposure to an allergen,. This is because the FIRST exposure causes the immune system to create antibodies to the TRIGGERING SUBSTANCE-think peanuts, bee stings, or mold. The second exposure sends those antibodies into action, causing a cascade of bodily reactions that lead to loss of blood pressure, hives, constriction of airways, and gastrointestional problems. The skin and respiratory system are most likely to be affected, followed by the gastrointestinal tract and circulatory and nervous systems. The most COMMON triggers of anaphylaxis are FOODS such as peanuts, wheat, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, milk, and eggs, MEDICATIONS, including antibiotics, aspirin, ibuprofen, and other anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as insect VENOM from stings have also been known to trigger an anaphylactic reaction. If you are HIGHLY allergic to ANY substance, and have experienced an anaphylactic reaction, OR if you are at risk due to genetics or past health history, you should have an "allergy action plan." Carry an epinephrine injection with you at all times; Wear a medic alert bracelet that explains your potential condition, and in a crisis Call 911 immediately. EMTs may give antihistamines and corticosteroids intravenously to reduce airway inflammation and a beta agonist to relieve breathing symptoms. To learn more about allergic reactions, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-04-16 | Tags »
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Do you know how to use the EpiPen? If you or anyone you know is allergic to insect bites, foods or other types of allergens, The EpiPen can be a lifesaver. Learn how to use it, if you ever need to.
Transcript: If you or someone you love has a severe allergy to insect bites, certain foods or other allergens, the...
If you or someone you love has a severe allergy to insect bites, certain foods or other allergens, the Epipen can be a life-saver. The Epipen contains an injection of the adrenal hormone epinephrine, a stimulant that can counter the symptoms of a severe allergic reaction, including: swelling of the face, constriction of the airways, a swollen tongue or throat, trouble breathing, a severe drop in blood pressure, a weak and rapid pulse, hives, and nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.Here's how to use an Epipen. First, BEFORE you are in a crisis situation, take the time to read all directions on the label...you will not have much time to do this "in the moment."When you need to use the Epipen:1. Pull off the blue safety release cap. 2. Swing the orange tip very firmly against the outer thigh so it 'clicks.' HOLD on thigh for approximately 10 seconds to deliver the drug. Do NOT inject into the buttocks; this may not be effective. 3. After the injection, don't worry if there is excess liquid in the device. There's usually a small amount that can't be used. Now, if the allergic reaction was caused by an insect sting, you should remove the stinger. Grab it with a pair of tweezers or your fingers but don't squeeze or push the stinger. 4. Proceed to the nearest hospital emergency room RIGHT AWAY. The effects of epinephrine may wear off and the allergic reaction may reappear. You need medical support to be sure you are safely through the episode.Keep in mind, the injection can cause upset stomach, vomiting, sweating, dizziness, shakes, nervousness, pale skin and headaches. To learn about more allergies and how to treat them, check out other videos in this series.More »
Last Modified: 2013-01-29 | Tags »
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Has your preschooler gotten all the vaccines he or she needs? Consult this preschooler vaccine checklist to make sure your child is protected from a myriad of serious diseases.
Transcript: You HATE watching your child suffer-even if it's for his own good. So while the anxiety and crying during...
You HATE watching your child suffer-even if it's for his own good. So while the anxiety and crying during a vaccination IS hard to see, it's NECESSARY to protect your preschooler from serious diseases such as the flu, hepatitis, and polio. Even if your child's preschool doesn't ask for her vaccination records - which they may or may not - you should KEEP TRACK of which vaccines your child still needs to have. By 3, your child will already have received MOST of her vaccines. But if she hasn't, it's a good time to catch up on the ones she may have missed. She should be finished with the Hepatitis A and B vaccines, the ROTAVIRUS vaccine, the Hib, or haemophilus influenzae vaccine, and the PNEUMOCOCCAL vaccine. All children should receive a flu shot YEARLY, through injection or nasal spray. If your child is getting it for the FIRST time, they should get two doses at least 4 weeks apart. Four to six year olds generally don't receive any NEW vaccines - but they should be getting the final dose in the series they began as babies. I recommend finishing them off at ages 4 and 5, so your child is fully prepared to enter kindergarten. They'll receive the LAST doses of: the DTaP, or the diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine, the IPV, or inactivated poliovirus vaccine, the MMR, or the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine, and the varicella or chickenpox vaccine, which is now required in most states prior to entering elementary school. Kids who have immune disorders or are on immunosuppressive medications may need extra vaccines to prevent pneumonia and meningitis. You MAY hesitate to let your child receive vaccinations because SOME claim that vaccines can cause AUTISM, learning disorders, or related illnesses. But the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the World Health Organization, Health Canada, and the European Medicines Agency and the Institute of Medicine ALL say that vaccines are not only safe, but NECESSARY. While some risks do still exist, they are minor and rare. These days, the risks are far outweighed by the benefits of complete vaccination against potentially life threatening diseases. Learn more about toddler and preschooler health in other videos of this series!More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-12 | Tags »
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The chicken pox vaccine has reduced the rate of chicken pox dramatically, but it does still happen. Watch this video to learn about chickenpox in toddlers.
Transcript: Most cases of CHICKEN POX occur in kids under 10, and it's highly contagious. So, what can you do to...
Most cases of CHICKEN POX occur in kids under 10, and it's highly contagious. So, what can you do to protect YOUR child? The BEST way for him to avoid getting chickenpox - or the varicella-zoster virus -- is to get the vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control recommend that children get the first of 2 doses between 12 and 15 months and the second between the ages of 4 and 6. The second round CAN be given earlier as long as it's 3 months after the first dose. Ideally, the last dose is given before a child starts school, as most schools now require the chicken pox vaccine. If your child does somehow contract chicken pox AFTER being vaccinated, his symptoms and recovery will be far more minor than if he had NOT had the vaccination. If an unvaccinated child gets chickenpox, he'll likely develop fever, headache, and stomachache before the outbreak of the iconic chicken pox rash. When the pox emerge, there may be as many as 250 to 500 -- typically on the face, middle of the body, or scalp. But age may be on your child's side: younger children are typically less affected than older kids and adults. Under any circumstance, you'll have to take steps to keep your child comfortable and as itch-free as possible. Apply over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream on affected areas, use soothing moisturizers, and make sure he rests, takes relaxing baths, and wears loose clothing. This should reduce his discomfort. Your pediatrician may also prescribe the antiviral medication acyclovir that fights the infection. To avoid transmitting chicken pox to others, make sure your child stays away from anyone who has NOT had the vaccine OR the disease. People with chickenpox are contagious a couple of days BEFORE any signs of a rash, and can spread the condition up until their blisters have dried out, usually about 1 week after the spots appear. This is one of the few viruses that can be transmitted with no actual physical contact. Just being in the same room is all it takes. So if you suspect your child has chicken pox and you need to visit your pediatrician, always CALL FIRST and tell the staff what you're worried about. They can make sure that there are no vulnerable infants coming or going when your child arrives and prevent further exposure. Chicken pox typically goes away in about 1-2 weeks, and is rarely associated with other health complications. Check out more videos in this series for more on toddler health.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-28 | Tags »
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Pink eye is very common in toddlers and children-- watch this video to get information about pink eye treatment in children.
Transcript: Conjunctivitis, more commonly known as pink eye, is an eye inflammation that is particularly common in...
Conjunctivitis, more commonly known as pink eye, is an eye inflammation that is particularly common in kids. It affects the conjunctiva, the tissue lining the inside of the eyelid and the white of the eye. Signs of this contagious condition include: -The trademark pink hue in the whites of the eyes -Itching or burning in one or both eyes -Swollen and crusting eyelids -Eye pain -And an unusual level of tearing. You can help your child prevent pink eye by establishing healthy hygiene habits. Frequent hand washing is very effective, as is making sure your child doesn't share towels, linens or anything else that comes in contact with the eyes. If your child DOES get pinkeye, the best way to ease symptoms is to apply a cool, damp towel to the eyes a few times a day, and by wiping away crusts and mucus from the eyes with a saline solution or artificial tears. Discourage your child from RUBBING his eyes, as this can WORSEN the symptoms. And be sure to wash your OWN hands before and AFTER tending to your child's eyes. Pink eye can be caused by a virus or bacteria-and is extremely contagious. If it's caused by a viral infection, the pink eye will disappear on its own. Antibiotics, usually in the form of EYE DROPS, work well against bacterial pink eye. Sometimes, however, the inflammation and discomfort is NOT pinkeye, but is triggered by an allergy. Finding the source of-and REMOVING-the allergen is the BEST remedy. Check out other videos in this series to learn more about common toddler health problems.More »
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Toddler and childhood stomachaches are very common. There are a multitude of reasons for stomachaches in chldren -- watch this video for information on each, and how to relieve them.
Transcript: The cause of a toddler's stomach pain can be HARD to diagnose because of a child's LIMITED ability to...
The cause of a toddler's stomach pain can be HARD to diagnose because of a child's LIMITED ability to explain how he or she feels. Top causes of toddler abdominal pain include: -Constipation . It can happen in conjunction with potty training and as a result of the picky eating habits of many toddlers.-Indigestion or overeating -Infections such as-gastroenteritis-or the stomach flu, -Food poisoning -and strep throat, which, it may surprise you to find out, actually causes UP to 10% of cases involving acute abdominal pain. -Food allergies or intolerance -Sugar intake-children can't always absorb the sugars in juice, sports drinks, candy, and milk. -And stress, which is the MOST common cause of FREQUENT stomachaches. More than 10% of kids, typically sensitive and serious children, regularly feel a REAL pit in their stomachs during times of change. -More serious causes can include appendicitis, kidney infections, an inflamed pancreas, and issues with the gallbladder, though these are far less common. Often times, a stomachache will go away on its own, but a doctor is needed if: your child is vomiting blood or has blood in his stool, has pain that doesn't go away after a bowel movement, experiences bloating that lasts longer than 2 days, feels a burning sensation when he or she pees, has diarrhea for more than 2 days, has decreased urination or fewer tears when crying -that indicates dehydration has a low appetite for an extended period of time, or experiences unexplained weight loss or poor weight gain over a period of several weeks or months. To learn more about toddler health, check out other videos in this series.More »
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Rotavirus cause vomiting and diarrhea in children. It's a very common infection but can be prevented with a vaccine. Learn more in this video!
Transcript: Rotavirus is the number one cause of severe vomiting and diarrhea in young children across the world....
Rotavirus is the number one cause of severe vomiting and diarrhea in young children across the world. It's an infection that triggers inflammation of the stomach and intestines, and can cause a lot of discomfort. A vaccine against rotavirus became available in America in 2006. It's a 2 or 3-part inoculation recommended for babies at 2, 4 and 6 months of age. The vaccines are 85% effective in preventing the disease; before they were available almost all children in the US under the age of 5 came down with the infection. Rotavirus is EXTREMELY contagious, particularly in pediatric sections of hospitals and at daycare centers. It's spread through contact with contaminated hands, objects, food and water. The virus can EVEN be passed to adults. One third of parents of children who get the condition will also become sick. The most common time of infection is December through June. It takes about two days for an affected person to become sick and the virus may stick around for 3 to 8 days. Besides diarrhea and vomiting, symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, and dehydration. There are many different strains of rotavirus, so a child can get it more than once, with the first instance being the most severe. Since there is no antiviral drug to fight it, treatment focuses on replenishing lost body fluids. WAIT for the initial wave of vomiting to subside before offering your child anything to drink. Pushing your child to drink in the first hour or so will likely induce more vomiting, so clean up and cuddle first. Then offer only SIPS of a clear electrolyte replacement drink or ice pops, and keep track of how often you are changing wet diapers. Dry diapers and crying without tears are warning signs for dehydration and should prompt a call to your doctor. Sometimes a child may have to go to the hospital to get fluids via an IV. It's crucial to restore the body to healthy hydration levels to avoid severe dehydration and even death. To learn more about toddler health, watch additional videos in this series.More »
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Toddlers and children need medicine just like adults, but there's important guidelines to know when it comes to adminstering medication to your children. Watch this video to learn more.
Transcript: Medicines can help your toddler feel better, but they can end up being VERY dangerous without proper...
Medicines can help your toddler feel better, but they can end up being VERY dangerous without proper use. Unless given the OK by a doctor, DO NOT: -Give your toddler cough or cold treatments, or medications made for ADULTS. Do not give your child ANY meds without reading the instructions - just because it says "for children" doesn't mean it's safe for ALL children. Do not give him a drug if you don't understand its directions, and don't give him TWO or more medicines with the SAME active ingredient. And you should NEVER increase the dose of your toddler's medicine without your pediatrician's say-so. You SHOULD know EVERYTHING about the medications your kid is taking-that includes the dosage frequency and size, what TIME of day it should be given, WHETHER it can be taken with food, how many days it should be given for, signs it's working, and the most COMMON side effects. -Your child SHOULD always finish the full regimen of prescription medicine, even if he or she gets better before the meds are gone. If your child hates taking medicine, ask your doctor if it's ok to mix it with something tastier, so your child will be willing to take it. If you get the OK, mix medicine in a very SMALL amount of food or beverage so your child is sure to take it all in and get the full dose of the medicine. And of course, you should tell your doctor right away if your child has a side effect or negative reaction. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number one cause of medication-related visits to the ER among children under age 5 is caused by them getting into pills when no one is looking. Protect your child by sticking to the following guidelines. -Keep meds in closed, child-resistant packaging, and store these, along with products like mouthwash, in a locked cabinet, or so high they cannot possibly reach it.-Keep tabs on how many medicine products you have at home, so you'll notice if something goes missing. -Do NOT tell your child a medicine tastes like candy. -Do NOT take your medications or vitamins in front of your kids or have them help with the process. To learn more about toddler health, check out other videos in this series.More »
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Fifth's disease, ringworm, and hand foot and mouth disease are all common in toddlers and children. Watch this video to get details on the symptoms of common child rashes.
Transcript: Toddler's experience all KINDS of rashes, such as eczema, ringworm, allergies, fifth's disease, and hand,...
Toddler's experience all KINDS of rashes, such as eczema, ringworm, allergies, fifth's disease, and hand, foot, and mouth disease. A rash COULD also result from sunburn or by contact with something irritating like a toiletry or household chemicals. One in every TEN kids develops eczema-a chronic condition that makes the skin dry, red, scaly, and ITCHY. Most develop it before age 5. SOME are able to treat the condition with lotion, OTHERS take medications, such as antihistamines-but they're not for kids 2 or younger without your pediatrician's ok. Sometimes diet changes ease symptoms. If your toddler has a rash that KEEPS coming back, go see your pediatrician. HIVES can be triggered by an allergic reaction that causes itchy, red bumps to form on the skin. Antihistamines are the go-to treatment for hives. To prevent ADDITIONAL bouts of hives, your child's doctor will try and find the cause so you can help your child avoid it in the future. Fifth's disease is a very common, mild, viral condition that produces a red rash that looks like a slap mark on the cheeks. It can also cause a minor fever, a red, lacy rash on the body, and cold-like symptoms. It usually goes away on its own. Hand, foot, and mouth disease, also known as coxsackie virus, is another mild COMMON viral condition that most often affects infants and kids under the age of 5. It has no relation to Hoof and Mouth disease that affects cattle. In addition to a skin rash, it can cause small blisters in the mouth, and fever. Ice pops, milk shakes, and other cool or creamy foods will help with the pain associated with oral ulcers and keep your child hydrated. Roseola is a very common virus that causes a high fever and makes for a really cranky kid for a few days. A faint, red rash typically shows up 12-24 hours after the fever disappears and signals the end of the illness. Ringworm is a contagious infection that is caused by a fungus, NOT a worm. Often it causes itchy, red rings, 1 to 2 inches in diameter, to pop up on the skin. It can also cause red, scaly skin on the scalp, feet and hands. An antifungal cream is the most common treatment. The condition could take 2 weeks to go away. Consult your pediatrician if your child develops a high fever, the rash spreads, or the rash doesn't improve after 10 days of treatment. Many times there is no known cause of a rash, and it goes away quickly on its own. But if it's accompanied by other symptoms, or if you're just worried, see your pediatrician.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-13 | Tags »
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Ringworm is a rash that common affects toddlers and children. Watch this video to learn more about this fungal infection.
Transcript: Ringworm is a contagious infection that is caused by a fungus, NOT a worm. Often it causes itchy, red...
Ringworm is a contagious infection that is caused by a fungus, NOT a worm. Often it causes itchy, red rings, 1 to 2 inches in diameter, to pop up on the skin. It can also cause red, scaly skin on the scalp, feet and hands. An antifungal cream is the most common treatment. The condition could take 2 weeks to go away. Consult your pediatrician if your child develops a high fever, the rash spreads, or the rash doesn't improve after 10 days of treatment.More »
Last Modified: 2013-06-13 | Tags »
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Eczema affects kids and toddlers, too. Check out this video to learn about treating eczema in children.
Transcript: One in every TEN kids develops eczema-a chronic condition that makes the skin dry, red, scaly, and ITCHY....
One in every TEN kids develops eczema-a chronic condition that makes the skin dry, red, scaly, and ITCHY. Most develop it before age 5. SOME are able to treat the condition with lotion, OTHERS take medications, such as antihistamines-but they're not for kids 2 or younger without your pediatrician's ok. Sometimes diet changes ease symptoms. If your toddler has a rash that KEEPS coming back, go see your pediatrician.More »
Last Modified: 2014-02-05 | Tags »
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Hives occur from an allergic reaction. Check out this video to find out about the symptoms of hives on children.
Transcript: HIVES can be triggered by an allergic reaction that causes itchy, red bumps to form on the skin. Antihistamines...
HIVES can be triggered by an allergic reaction that causes itchy, red bumps to form on the skin. Antihistamines are the go-to treatment for hives. To prevent ADDITIONAL bouts of hives, your child's doctor will try and find the cause so you can help your child avoid it in the future.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-22 | Tags »
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