Newborn Development: Week 1
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Newborn development week 1 is all about getting acquainted. Watch this to know what to expect in your baby's first week.
Transcript: Congratulations! After 40 long weeks, your infant has finally made his or her debut. So-NOW what? During...
Congratulations! After 40 long weeks, your infant has finally made his or her debut. So-NOW what? During your newborn's first week, the desire to eat will reign supreme. Your little one will probably nurse every two to three hours, although formula-fed babies may last a bit longer between feedings. In fact, infants have what's known as the "rooting reflex," which encourages your baby to open up and suck when faced with a breast or bottle. And your baby will be eager to do so, since newborns have highly developed senses of taste, and even at such a young age, can differentiate between sweet and bitter. Although your baby is eating often, your newborn wil still lose up to 10% of his weight during this first week as he sheds the extra water weight he was born with. In addition, your baby digests food quickly, so expect as many as 8 to 12 bowel movements a day, and 5 to 6 wet diapers. And, when your baby's not busy nursing or pooping, he or she is probably sleeping. Most infants will sleep 14 to 18 hours in a 24-hour time frame, although that's usually broken into several hour intervals. During your infant's first week, your baby may also LOOK a bit strange to you, and that's OK. After being curled in mom's tummy, most newborns stay scrunched up for awhile, with arms and legs that may look bowlegged and bent. You'll also notice that when startled, your baby arches his back and extends his arms and legs, a habit known as the Moro reflex. Because of these natural reactions, your newborn may be most comfortable swaddled snugly in a blanket at first. There are more developments to watch in the coming weeks, so stay tuned!More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-31 | Tags »
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Babies change quickly! In newborn development week 2 even the subtle changes are important. Watch our video to know more.
Transcript: Your newborn is only one week old, but your baby already has certain preferences-the biggest one being...
Your newborn is only one week old, but your baby already has certain preferences-the biggest one being looking at you! Your baby was born nearsighted, and even though eyesight is still fuzzy, he or she CAN see you in detail, when you're 8 to 10 inches away. And studies show that newborns prefer human faces to ALL other patterns or objects, so give your baby PLENTY of face time. Help your baby develop those eye muscles by slowly moving your head back and forth, or bringing objects close to him, then moving them away again. And at this point, your baby can even recognize your gestures and faces, so play by raising your eyebrows or smiling. Many one-week olds will even respond in kind. Don't worry if your little one looks at you with crossed eyes-it's often a part of normal development. Although your baby is busy learning, this second week of life will STILL center on sleeping and eating. If your infant is indeed eating enough, he'll pass frequent mustard-yellow or dark stools, and will wet up to about 7 diapers daily. All that eating will also insure that your baby gets back up to her birth weight-or beyond-this week. And while your newborn sleeps, you'll want to keep your baby on his or her back to help reduce the likelihood ofto help reduce the likelihood of sudden infant death syndrome, or SIDS. When your baby's awake though, encourage your newborn to spend time on his tummy, which will help him learn to hold his head up. What a week, huh? Stay tuned for all that's to come in your infant's third one!More »
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As your baby reaches three weeks of age, you're probably understanding each other a bit better. Learn what to expect from newborn development week 3 as your baby continues to grow.
Transcript: Have you seen the Sex and the City episode where Miranda is changing her baby and his belly button falls...
Have you seen the Sex and the City episode where Miranda is changing her baby and his belly button falls off? ...Well, WELCOME to week three! Of course, in reality, your baby's belly button is firmly attached. But the umbilical cord stump ISN'T, and it will usually fall off at some point 10 days after your baby is born. Once this happens, you'll be able to see if your baby has an "innie" or an "outie" bellybutton - and you'll also be able to start tub baths. Other than the bellybutton's debut, your baby's third week will STILL focus mainly around eating and sleeping. And while your baby is becoming an old pro at both, you'll likely notice an ADDITIONAL skill, and that's crying. Because your baby doesn't have another way to communicate yet, this is how your newborn tells you that he or she is hungry, sleepy, sick, dirty, uncomfortable, or just in need of some cuddling. Most parents learn pretty quickly how to respond to their infants' cries, but sometimes comforting a baby isn't that easy. Up to 25% of newborns will experience colic, which is a fancy word for incessant crying that lasts for up to 3 hours, at least 3 days a week. Because doctors don't know exactly what causes colic, no medical treatments are currently available. But several things HAVE been found to help colicky babies. Babies are comforted by gentle motion of all kinds, so invest in a rocker, baby swing, or simple bouncer. Your baby might also find it soothing to be walked around the house in a front pack or sling. And many parents find that a ride in the car - with its movement, noise, and vibration - is the best remedy for colic. It's important to note that what works for one baby, won't necessarily work for another, so experiment and find out! If your infant is otherwise healthy and attended to, colic is generally NOT a cause for concern-and tends to ease by your baby's third month! Whether your baby is colicky or not, make LOTS of time to snuggle, rock, and caress your infant. Your three-week old knows you by now, and there's nothing more comforting to your baby than the sound and feel of YOU!More »
Last Modified: 2014-01-31 | Tags »
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Your baby is almost a month old, and probably a lot bigger! Watch this video to learn about newborn development week 4.
Transcript: You may be wondering if you'll EVER sleep again, or if you still own a shirt that's not stained. Luckily,...
You may be wondering if you'll EVER sleep again, or if you still own a shirt that's not stained. Luckily, this week brings a reward for your hard work-your baby's first smile! It's true: by the end of the first month, most babies will start to aim smiles directly at you. And at this point in development, your baby may even use those new neck and shoulder muscles to lift his or her head briefly. Encourage your baby to do so by letting your newborn rest on his or her tummy when awake, and putting your face in front of her. Or, roll a receiving blanket into a log and place it under your baby's chest to help her push up. And when your newborn's not "playing" with you, your baby will probably be eating voraciously this week. That's normal, since this is one of you baby's first growth spurts, and your newborn may have gained an ENTIRE pound by month's end. You may have noticed that even when your baby ISN'T nursing, your infant is making sucking motions with his mouth. a. If you try to feed and there's no interest, your baby may just be looking for soothing. B. Offer a pacifier to help. And don't be surprised if your baby uses her own thumb or fingers to self-soothe. Remember that you should make an appointment for your baby's checkup with your pediatrician by this month's end. This will allow your doctor to affirm what you already know-that your baby is doing a great job of growing!More »
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In the first few weeks you will see your infant responding to you in new and exciting ways. Watch this video and find out what happens during Newborn Development - Week 5.
Transcript: Can you believe it's been a WHOLE month since your little one was born? Here's what your baby is up to...
Can you believe it's been a WHOLE month since your little one was born? Here's what your baby is up to this week. If your newborn wasn't grinning at you before, your baby has almost definitely learned the art of the social smile this week. Encourage those grins by playing with your baby. Show your newborn picture books or spin a mobile, for added entertainment. Your baby will be interested in toys, but doesn't yet have the hand-eye coordination to reach for something you show him. That won't come until about four months of age. In the meantime, though, your baby is probably starting to explore his extremities. When your baby was born, she didn't realize that her arms and legs were attached, but that changes THIS week as she starts to experiment with voluntary movement. Show your baby how her body parts work by waving her hands gently in front of her face, so she can see and feel them together. You can also encourage smiles by talking or singing to your baby often. Don't feel silly using baby talk, since babies ACTUALLY learn about language by listening to your high-pitched, drawn-out words. In fact, by your newborn's fifth week, your baby will start to respond with gurgles, coos, and grunts. And may even begin laughing. In addition, look forward to extra face time with your baby this week, as your newborn stays awake for longer. Your infant will be awake for up to 10 hours a day, although not all at once, and maybe not during the dayMore »
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By six weeks old your baby is changing every day. Watch this video for the details on newborn development week 6.
Transcript: Head's up! Your baby is probably getting the hang of using those neck muscles during this, your newborn's...
Head's up! Your baby is probably getting the hang of using those neck muscles during this, your newborn's sixth week. As your baby's neck muscles get stronger, your little one will probably lift up his head for brief periods, or turn it from side to side. You can encourage this by placing your infant on his tummy when he's awake, and by standing just outside of little one's line of vision. When your newborn isn't busy using those neck muscles to lift her head, your baby may be working on getting a grip-on absolutely anything within reach! As your little one discovers the existence of his or her fingers, your baby will be fascinated at how they work to grab things, like YOUR fingers or a toy you hold out to your infant. Another exciting development this week is your newborn's newfound interest in longer stretches of sleep. If you're lucky, your baby may begin sleeping up to four hours at a time during the night. This period in your newborn's development is crucial to helping establish a nighttime/sleeptime routine. Most experts recommend reinforcing this sleep schedule by putting your baby to bed when your little one is sleepy, but NOT YET asleep. You can also encourage nighttime sleeping by creating a soothing bedtime ritual. Try reading a story, massaging your baby, or rocking and singing to your newborn. And remember: As you enjoy your OWN longer periods of sleep, continue to enjoy those waking hours with your rapidly developing baby!More »
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You will be surprised to know that babies develop preferences by the seventh week. See how you can promote healthy growth through this video on Newborn Development - Week 7.
Transcript: Whoa, super senses! Your baby is experiencing serious sensory stimulation, and is definitely loving all...
Whoa, super senses! Your baby is experiencing serious sensory stimulation, and is definitely loving all the new sensations! At first, babies see everything in only black and white, and reflexively prefer to look at high-contrast edges and patterns, but they acquire the ability to begin distinguishing colors by the time they are about 7 weeks old. Stimulate your baby's sight by introducing very brightly hued books and toys, and by taking your little one out on frequent walks. Your baby's sense of sound is developing too. Your newborn may start to experiment with making more noises, from coos to squeals. Encourage this by talking back to your baby, perhaps narrating your day aloud or singing. And speaking of song, most babies LOVE music. Find YOUR child's preferences by playing everything from Bach to the Beatles. Your little one will show you what music he or she loves by using brand new facial expressions, like raising eyebrows, furrowing brows, and, of course, smiling! Remember, however, that as important as playtime is, most babies can become over-stimulated very quickly. If your baby is fussing, looking away, tensing up, or arching his back, it's time for a quiet break. Allow your baby the time he or she needs to regroup, and then you can return to playtime a bit later.More »
Last Modified: 2014-05-27 | Tags »
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Two months as a parent and you're still dreaming of sleep? That's not uncommon. Watch this video for more about newborn development week 8.
Transcript: You've been enjoying, but maybe on some sleepless nights - bemoaning - that beautiful baby you've had...
You've been enjoying, but maybe on some sleepless nights - bemoaning - that beautiful baby you've had for two full months now! If you could see inside your infant's head this week, you'd see a very busy little brain at work. Your baby's grey brain matter is growing at a rapid rate now, and will expand up to five centimeters by the end of next month. That means that your little one will start tackling life skills, like hand-eye coordination and object recognition. This rapid brain growth will mean that your little one is much more aware of the surrounding environment - and you! - Than ever before. In fact, by your baby's eighth week, when your little one hears your voice or sees your face, your baby will definitely know who you are, and may reward your presence with a huge grin. And forget the tight little fists of the past, as your baby's hands should be fully opened now. Your newborn will continue to use them to latch onto things within grasp of those exploring fingers, and to bat at objects that are just out of the grab-zone. While all of these developments are super exciting, don't get so caught up that you forget to make your baby's appointment for a two-month checkup. At this doctor's visit, your baby will be weighed, measured and evaluated for developmental factors. This may also be the first time your little one receives multiple vaccinations at once, an event that can be harder for mom than it is for baby! Hang in there, though - your baby most likely won't need to head back to the pediatrician for another two months!More »
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By Newborn Development - Month 3, babies become more aware of their surroundings and environment. Find out more by watching this video.
Transcript: Your baby's third month ushers in your newborn's first "graduation." Your little one has now made the...
Your baby's third month ushers in your newborn's first "graduation." Your little one has now made the transition from newborn to bona-fide infant! As your baby enters this stage of growth, your infant's budding personality becomes more apparent, and you'll start to notice silly, serious, finicky, or determined traits emerge. As your baby becomes more self-possessed, you may also notice that your little one is starting to favor you above other people. Your infant will show preference for YOUR company by smiling, laughing, and waving those little arms and legs when you're around. On the flipside, though, your infant may act more wary around strangers, or even fuss when new people want to interact with him. When not busy making faces, the baby will continue to eat voraciously, and will grow rapidly as a result. The average three-month-old infant will weigh in at 13 pounds and measure 24 inches, although anything from around 9 to 16 pounds and 15 to 22 inches is normal. Sleeping is still the biggest part of your baby's life., Hopefully your little one is FINALLY beginning to learn that nighttime is the time to sleep. Some lucky moms even find that their three-month-olds will sleep for up to 6 hours at a time. Regardless of how much your baby sleeps, when awake, your baby may surprise you this month by rolling over halfway. Your infant is also probably doing baby "push-ups," or using those arms and shoulders to lift that head high when playing on his front. Encourage these efforts by clapping and telling your baby how proud you are of these new skills. But remember that anything within your baby's reach is fair game. Be sure to watch your little one carefully, however, to make sure that the things being grabbed are infant-appropriate!More »
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By month number 4, you will see that your baby is more active and responsive.. Learn more about Newborn Development - Month 4 in this video.
Transcript: Who IS that chatty Little One gurgling away in your previously quiet baby's bassinet? Most experts believe...
Who IS that chatty Little One gurgling away in your previously quiet baby's bassinet? Most experts believe that your baby's fourth month brings an understanding of all the basic tools that comprise his or her native language. Your baby will probably start trying to produce these sounds, and will progress from vowel-only "words" like "aaa" to consonant ones, like "bah." You probably won't hear "da-da" or "ma-ma" for another month, but that doesn't mean you can't encourage these early attempts! As your baby learns to communicate with these new "words," you'll also find your infant laughing more. Tickle this newfound funny bone by playing peek-a-boo, or by laughing back. And as your baby is practicing new words and sounds, your little one is learning physical skills, as well. By the end of the fourth month, many infants can grab toys, roll over, and-in some cases-stay in a supported seating position. If you hold your infant in your lap in a standing position, you may even find that your baby pushes down on your legs! Your baby may also discover his or her feet this month, so don't be surprised if you find your little one playing with those appendages. All that playtime can be exhausting, and most four-month-old babies will sleep through at least part of the night. Your baby will still need naps, but may be content with just one or two now. Because your infant's tummy has grown, your baby can eat more at each feeding, In fact, many babies at this age only eat four or five times a day. At four months, some parents wonder about supplementing breast or formula feedings with solid foods. But there are MANY advantages to waiting, including a possible decrease in the development of food allergies. For this reason, it's wise to discuss solid foods with your baby's pediatrician at your next month's appointment.More »
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Newborn Development - Month 5 will bring a number of surprises for you as a parent. Find out what to expect in this video on our website.
Transcript: It's the fifth month, so don't be surprised when your little one starts to recognize his own name. Aside...
It's the fifth month, so don't be surprised when your little one starts to recognize his own name. Aside from this newfound name recognition, your baby will learn LOTS of other things this month, like object permanence. Object permanence means that your baby will start to understand that just because you put the bottle out of sight, doesn't mean it no longer exists. Your infant will also begin to identify objects that are only partially visible, such as a favorite toy tucked halfway under the couch. As your baby comes to these startling realizations, playing peek-a-boo and hide and seek will bring hours of fun. In fact, your little one will like to play pretty much anything with you, as attachment to you and other caregivers grows. On the flipside, this means if he or she hasn't already developed stranger anxiety, it is likely to happen soon. This normal developmental milestone requires patience and understanding on your part, and gentleness on the part of people whom your baby doesn't know. Your baby's senses of sight and sound will rival yours. That means your baby will now be able to hear sounds and connect them to their source; as well as discern very subtle differences in light colors. Meanwhile, your little one may also learn to sit up unassisted. Your baby may even be strong enough hold his or her own bottle. Just remember not to leave your infant alone with one! You may also decide that your baby is ready for solid foods now, although it's best to make this introduction ONLY with your physician's approval. So, if you haven't already, ask about food introductions when you go in for your baby's five-month checkup.More »
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By month six, your baby will start developing its motor skills by crawling and grabbing objects. Find out more in this video on Newborn Development - Month 6.
Transcript: Your baby's not crawling or walking yet, but your six-month-old is probably still figuring out PLENTY...
Your baby's not crawling or walking yet, but your six-month-old is probably still figuring out PLENTY of ways to get around. Now that your baby's arm and neck muscles are a bit stronger, he or she may be rolling from back to front and vice-versa on a regular basis. Many infants even use this skill as a method to move from one place to another. As your infant prepares to crawl, you may find your little one hoisting onto all fours and rocking backward and forward. Your baby will also probably get a kick out of standing and bouncing on your legs as you support her. Another surprising development this month? Your little one's first tooth might appear! While some babies sail through the teething process, many feel discomfort and aren't shy about letting you know! Make teething less painful giving your little one a teething ring, or feeding your baby cold food, like applesauce, and if the discomfort persists, by speaking to your doctor about types of mild anesthetics for your baby's gums. And speaking of food, if you haven't introduced solids yet, you'll probably do so this month. Although six-month-olds continue to get most nutrients from milk, experiments in food will teach small motor skills and swallowing. This month, your baby also continues experimenting with one syllable sounds and expressions of delight or disgust. Because your baby won't be able to talk for some time, some people advocate teaching hand signs to your baby. To do so, use a hand signal every time you mention a certain word, such as pointing to your mouth for "hungry." Your baby will catch on and may begin to use these signals to tell you what he or she is thinking. Congratulations for making it through these first challenging and rewarding months!More »
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